The institution created a decalogue to inform the public about the main actions and tools in the field of mental health and addiction prevention.
In the 21st century, conversations about well-being can not be reduced only to physical, but also to emotional health. mental health it is also a medical and psychological problem. Worldwide, according to World Health Organization (WHO)Estimated one in eight people suffer from a mental disorderthat is, significant disturbances in thinking, regulation of emotions, or behavior.
depressionwhich is characterized by persistent sadness and lack of interest or pleasure in activities that were previously useful and enjoyable, it is believed that affects 3.8% of the world’s population, including 5% of adults (4% of men and 6% of women) and 5.7% of adults over 60 years of age.
Although it is not the only mental disorder, it is one of the most common. 3.6 million adults suffer from depression in Mexico, out of a total population of 127.7 million Mexicans. In other words, 2.8% suffer from this condition.
Given this situation, Mexican Institute of Social Security (IMSS) created and promotes a decalogue to encourage prevention and self-care on the mental health of the population. The offer arises as part of an industry campaign “Live Healthy”which aims to inform the public about the main actions and tools in the field of mental health and addiction prevention.
10 points to take care of mental health
Alejandra Diaz Moguel, A psychologist attached to the Health Project Management area detailed the recommendations that make up the decalogue:
- Learn to recognize and express your emotions in a healthy way without ignoring them.
- Recognize that emotions such as sadness or fear are natural and have a function; however, if we cannot control them and they interfere with our daily activities, we should seek professional help.
- Take small breaks from your daily activities to do relaxation exercises and energize your body.
- Maintain a support network through family and friends.
- Don’t worry about things that haven’t happened yet and focus on what we can work on in the moment.
- Do things in your free time that we enjoy and enjoy, such as reading, painting, or playing with your pet.
- Exercise for 30 minutes a day, choosing the activity that we enjoy the most: for example, playing football, doing yoga, walking, running, etc.
- Eat a balanced diet, avoiding excess or as recommended.
- Try to sleep eight hours a night, without breaks, to give rest to the body and mind.
- Do not self-medicate or use substances or products without a prescription.
“Five minutes of gratitude”